World

The Two-Way
10:08 am
Sun April 27, 2014

South Africa Celebrates 20 Years Of Democracy

People attend South Africa's Freedom Day celebrations in Pretoria, with the federal Union Building in the background Sunday. The day marks the end of the apartheid era, when all races went to the polls to vote in historic 1994 elections.
AP

Originally published on Sun April 27, 2014 10:45 am

President Jacob Zuma led Freedom Day celebrations in Pretoria Sunday, as South Africa marked the 20th anniversary of democratic rule. The nation held its first general elections in 1994, when voters sent Nelson Mandela to the presidency with a resounding win that helped the country distance itself from the scourge of apartheid.

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Interviews
9:03 am
Sun April 27, 2014

The Risk And Reward Of Monitoring Elections In The Middle East

Election officials count ballots under the scrutiny of monitors in Iraq in 2005. Les Campbell from the National Democratic Institute worked as an election monitor during Iraq's 2005 elections, a job that came with a flak jacket and security detail.
Sasa Kralj AP

Originally published on Sun April 27, 2014 5:45 pm

Each week, Weekend Edition Sunday brings listeners an unexpected side of the news by talking with someone personally affected by the stories making headlines.

Iraq is suffering the worst spate of violence in many years — some say the worst since the height of the U.S. war in 2008. On Friday, dozens of people were killed at an election rally in Baghdad. This Wednesday, Iraqis will go to the polls in the first parliamentary election since the U.S. pulled combat troops out in 2011.

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Europe
7:03 am
Sun April 27, 2014

Scotland Could Prosper Outside The United Kingdom

Originally published on Sun April 27, 2014 5:45 pm

Transcript

RACHEL MARTIN, HOST:

This week marks an important date in the history of the British Isles. In 1707, the Acts of Union were signed, which joined in Scotland and England into a single United Kingdom. And so it has remained for the last 300 years, although, in 1997, the British government gave Scotland its own parliament with certain powers over social policy.

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Europe
7:03 am
Sun April 27, 2014

Crisis Escalates In Eastern Ukraine

Originally published on Sun April 27, 2014 5:45 pm

Transcript

RACHEL MARTIN, HOST:

This is WEEKEND EDITION from NPR News. I'm Rachel Martin. The crisis in eastern Ukraine is escalating after a group of foreign military observers accused of being spies were detained by pro-Russian separatists. At a press conference today, the detainees said they are in good health and have not been physically mistreated. At the same time, the government in Kiev has stepped up its military operations around separatist dominated towns.

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Europe
7:03 am
Sun April 27, 2014

Colosseum Gets A Good 2,000-Year Scouring

Originally published on Sun April 27, 2014 5:45 pm

Transcript

RACHEL MARTIN, HOST:

For two millennia, the Colosseum in Rome has been collecting layers of dirt and grime. Finally, it's getting a top-to-bottom scrubbing. The Roman monument was, of course, the center of entertainment back in the day where people could go to catch a really good show, like a gladiator fight, mock naval battle, or public execution. Millions of tourists visit the amphitheater these days, but it's filthy, covered in black gunk from car pollution, damaged by earthquakes, and stripped of materials over the centuries.

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Afghanistan
7:03 am
Sun April 27, 2014

Ancient Form Of Poetry Captures Afghan Women's Lives

Originally published on Sun April 27, 2014 5:45 pm

Transcript

RACHEL MARTIN, HOST:

Eliza Griswold has reported from Afghanistan for more than a decade, writing news features for the New York Times magazine and other publications. She thought she had a pretty good grip on the country's politics and culture, but it wasn't until she started exploring Afghan women's poetry that she discovered a different side of women's lives there. What she found was a complex world of rage, empowerment, sorrow and sex.

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Iraq
7:03 am
Sun April 27, 2014

Violence In Iraq Mars Runup To Election

Originally published on Sun April 27, 2014 5:45 pm

Transcript

RACHEL MARTIN, HOST:

This is WEEKEND EDITION from NPR News. I'm Rachel Martin. Iraq is suffering the worst spate of violence that country has seen in many years, some say the worst since the height of the U.S. war in 2008. On Friday, dozens of people were killed at an election rally in Baghdad.

This Wednesday, Iraqis go to the polls in the first parliamentary election since the U.S. pulled combat troops out in 2011. To hear more about the upcoming election, we're joined by Reuters Baghdad Bureau Chief, Ned Parker. Welcome to the program.

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Asia
7:03 am
Sun April 27, 2014

S. Korea Prime Minister Resigns Over Ferry Disaster

Originally published on Sun April 27, 2014 5:45 pm

Transcript

RACHEL MARTIN, HOST:

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Europe
7:03 am
Sun April 27, 2014

An Independent Scotland Could Falter Economically

Originally published on Sun April 27, 2014 5:45 pm

Transcript

RACHEL MARTIN, HOST:

So that is the argument in favor of Scottish independence. At the same time, many people express deep concerns that leaving the United Kingdom could hurt Scotland. NPR's Ari Shapiro has spent time in Glasgow reporting on the referendum. He joins us now to describe the other side of this debate. Hi, Ari.

ARI SHAPIRO, BYLINE: Hi, Rachel.

MARTIN: So is there some kind of consensus on whether independence would help or hurt Scotland economically?

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The Two-Way
4:16 am
Sun April 27, 2014

Crowds Jam St. Peter's For Historic Day Of Four Popes

Pope Francis kisses the relic of Pope John XXIII during the canonization mass.
Vincenzo Pinto AFP/Getty Images

Originally published on Sun April 27, 2014 1:43 pm

Hundreds of thousands of people filled St. Peter's Square and the streets of Rome on Sunday to witness the extraordinary sight of two popes — one reigning and one retired — declaring two of their predecessors as saints.

The ceremony was the first time two pontiffs — John XXIII and John Paul II — were made saints at the same time. The Associated Press says:

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