Traditionally, educational development work in Africa has focused on building schools and training teachers.
They’ve been successful in many African countries, but University of Oklahoma economist Moussa Blimpo says they’re not enough.
“In the past 20 years, what you see, and what has been celebrated, is the growth of access to education,” Blimpo says. “A lot of kids are getting to school. More than before. But they're not necessarily learning, and the learning outcomes are extremely poor.”