Historian Beeta Baghoolizadeh says 19th century Iranian slavery can appear softer alongside its American counterpart, but that’s not a fair comparison. She'll trace the country's history of slavery and its erasure from the national consciousness.

But first, Joshua Landis joins the show again for a discussion of the Russian airliner that crashed in Egypt and what may have caused it, and Turkey’s recent parliamentary elections.

Aftermath of an attack by a group of AKP supporters on the Hürriyet newspaper headquarters in September 2015.
Hilmi Hacaloğlu / Voice of America

On Sunday, Turkey’s ruling AKP party surpassed expectations and regained its majority in the country’s parliament. But the elections have been marred by violence and suppression of the media, and Turkey has been dealing with external problems along its Syrian border as refugees continue to flood into the country to escape the civil war.

Suzette Grillot is still in Turkey, and talks with University of Oklahoma economist Firat Demir again this week about Saturday's bombing in Ankara, and the response from the government and everyday Turks.

Then Suzette explores some of the parallels between Brazil’s military dictatorships, and the country’s LGBTQ subculture in the 20th century with Brown University historian James Green. They'll also discuss evolving U.S. opposition to Brazil’s military junta in the 1960s and 70s.

Protesters on the streets of Izmir, Turkey Ocotber 10, 2015 after the bombing in Ankara earlier in the day.
Suzette Grillot / KGOU

Saturday’s bombing at a peace rally in Ankara – and related protests across the country – have united citizens in their frustration with Turkey’s leadership even as government officials say the attacks were intended to widen fissures and stir discontent in the country that straddles Europe and Asia.

Suzette Grillot talks with University of Oklahoma economist Firat Demir about how the millions of refugees streaming into Syria are affecting daily life in Istanbul, and could impact parlimentary elections weeks from now.

Then, a conversation about business ethics and responsibility in the developing world with Melike Yetken. She works with the U.S. State Department's Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor.

A vendor sells coffee in the Turkish city of Izmir - September 21, 2015.
Charles Roffey / Flickr

No country has been more affected by the crisis of migrants and refugees fleeing Syrian than its northern neighbor, Turkey.

Millions of Syrians have escaped into Turkey, with hundreds of thousands in Istanbul alone – dwarfing the numbers seen in Europe.

Joshua Landis provides an update on two stories he's following in the Middle East: the different reactions to the nuclear deal with Iran, and news that Syrian soldiers trained and equipped by the U.S. in Turkey were captured and killed as they crossed the border into Syria.

Then Suzette talks with Joe Masco, an anthropologist at the University of Chicago who studies the evolution of the national security state. His latest book traces surveillance and privacy issues from the start of the Cold War to what he now calls the “post-privacy era.”

President Barack Obama talks on the phone in the Oval Office with Secretary of State John Kerry to thank him for his work with the negotiations on the nuclear agreement with Iran, July 13, 2015.
Pete Souza / The White House

After years of negotiation designed to stop Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon and keep the balance of power from shifting in the Middle East, Congress will vote on a nuclear agreement with the Islamic Republic next month.

Two major centennial anniversaries took place this week. April 24th marks Genocide Remembrance Day to commemorate the massacre of millions of Armenians by the Ottoman Empire, and Wednesday was the 100th anniversary of the first widespread use of chemical weapons on World War I’s Western front.

Later, Rebecca Cruise talks with Asma Uddin. She started the online magazine Altmuslimah as a forum for issues of gender in Islam, but it resonated across many faiths.

The Armenian Genocide Memorial, better known as Tsitsernakaberd, is Armenia's official memorial to the victims of the genocide.
Rita Willaert / Wikimedia Commons

The world paused Friday to mark the 100th anniversary of the systematic relocation and extermination of Armenians during World War I. The April 24 date signifies the deportation of intellectuals by the Ottoman Turks in 1915.

Authorities rounded up Armenian Christians due to concerns they were allying with Russia during World War I. An estimated 1.5 million people died, but recognizing the tragedy and how exactly to describe it has been controversial ever since.