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Flamenco Is Alive After Paco De Lucía

Nov 14, 2017
Originally published on November 14, 2017 9:13 pm

The guitarist Paco de Lucía died more than three years ago, leaving behind an immense impact on flamenco music. He expanded what once was a very strict, traditional form by adding jazz and world music influences, and by collaborating with musicians outside of the genre.

Members of his last touring band, led by guitarist-producer Javier Limón, are currently on the road as the Flamenco Legends, revisiting the late guitarist's music while paying tribute to his legacy.

The tour is fittingly called The Paco de Lucía Project, and Limón says the loss of their namesake will be felt for a long time.

"We lost a leader that was even bigger than flamenco itself," he says. "Paco de Lucía was like [Astor] Piazzolla or like [Carlos] Gardel for the tango. Paco de Lucía was like [Antonio Carlos] Jobim for bossa nova, or like Miles Davis for jazz. And I think we're going to need decades to have a musician or a guitarist that big."

The flamenco guitar was primarily an instrument to accompany singers. Then came the great guitarists of the genre: Ramón Montoya, his nephew Carlos Montoya, Sabicas and Niño de Ricardo.

Fellow guitarist José Fernández Torres, better known as Tomatito, says that de Lucía learned from all of them.

"But he went beyond them," Torres says. "He changed the music, he changed the way of playing, he changed flamenco harmony. He did everything."

Limón says that besides being the "best flamenco guitarist ever," de Lucía was also a consummate composer and musician.

"He was a great producer," he says. "He was the producer of Camarón de la Isla's albums and many others. So he created, as a producer, a new sound with this band."

Now that the band is on tour, people might ask, "Why present programs with de Lucía's band without the leader?" Which, Limón says, is a fair question.

"All these artists, all these young members of the band, are very good leaders and are very good soloists," he says. "So now we have the opportunity of get deeper in every one of them. So even without Paco, the sound is there, the sound of the band is there. That has a very important value."

Nevertheless, another flamenco guitarist, Raúl Rodríguez, says that what's missing in today's flamenco scene is a guiding creative figure.

"For many decades, flamenco has been thought of as music that's already made, already finished," Rodríguez says. "So now, it's not so much that we miss Paco de Lucía, it's that we urgently need to have creative minds within our music so we don't repeat the old scheme, or else it's going to fall asleep."

Though the void left by de Lucía will take a long time to fill, Limón believes that the future looks bright, as long as artists learn the roots of flamenco and embrace the open ears de Lucía brought to the music.

"We need to really get deep in the knowledge of rhythm, harmony, sound, melody," Limón says. "And quality, basically. It's about quality."

He adds that there's still plenty of room to make flamenco a bigger musical language. And it's more important than ever to keep playing it for as many audiences as possible.

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KELLY MCEVERS, HOST:

Flamenco guitarist Paco de Lucia died more than three years ago. But his influence is still on stage. He took flamenco from a very strict traditional form and added jazz and world music influences and collaborated with musicians outside of flamenco. Members of de Lucia's last touring band are on the road right now revisiting the late guitarist's music. They are led by guitarist-producer Javier Limon. Betto Arcos reports.

BETTO ARCOS, BYLINE: Javier Limon says the loss of Paco de Lucia will be felt for a long time.

JAVIER LIMON: We lost a leader that was even bigger than flamenco itself. Paco de Lucia was like Piazzolla or like Gardel for the tango. Paco de Lucia was like Jobim for bossa nova or like Miles Davis for jazz. And I think that we're going to need decades to have a musician or a guitarist that big.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG, "SOLO POR VERTE BAILAR")

ARCOS: The flamenco guitar was primarily an instrument to accompany singers.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG, "SOLO POR VERTE BAILAR")

FOSFORITO: (Singing in Spanish).

ARCOS: Then came the great guitarists - Roman Montoya, his nephew Carlos Montoya, Sabicas and Nino de Ricardo. Fellow guitarist Jose Fernandez Torres better known as Tomatito says Paco de Lucia learned from all of them.

JOSE FERNANDEZ TORRES: (Through interpreter) He learned, and he went beyond them. He changed the music. He changed the way of playing. He changed flamenco harmony. He did everything.

(SOUNDBITE OF PACO DE LUCIA'S "CASA BERNARDO (RUMBA)")

ARCOS: Paco de Lucia was the consummate musician, says Javier Limon.

LIMON: Paco - beside being the best flamenco guitarist ever and a great, great composer - he was a great producer. He was the producer of Camaron de la Isla's albums and many others. So he created, as a producer, a new sound with this band.

(SOUNDBITE OF PACO DE LUCIA'S "CASA BERNARDO (RUMBA)")

ARCOS: Now that the Paco de Lucia Project is on tour, people might ask, why present concerts with the guitarist's band without the leader? Limon says it's a fair question.

LIMON: All these artists, all these young members of the band are very good leaders and are very good soloists.

(SOUNDBITE OF PACO DE LUCIA'S "CASA BERNARDO (RUMBA)")

LIMON: So now we have the opportunity to get deeper in every one of them. So even without Paco, the sound of the band is there. That has a very important value.

ARCOS: Nevertheless, another flamenco guitarist Raul Rodriguez says what's missing in today's scene is a guiding, creative figure.

RAUL RODRIGUEZ: (Through interpreter) For many decades, flamenco has been thought as a music that's already made, already finished. So now it's not so much that we miss Paco de Lucia, it's that we urgently need to have creative minds within our music so we don't repeat the old scheme, or it's going to fall asleep.

(SOUNDBITE OF PACO DE LUCIA'S "MONASTERIO DE SAL")

ARCOS: Guitarist and producer Javier Limon says the void left by Paco de Lucia will take a long time to fill. But the future looks bright as long as artists learn the roots of flamenco and embrace the open ears Paco de Lucia brought to the music.

LIMON: We need to really get deep in the knowledge of rhythm, harmony, sound, melodies and quality basically. It's about quality.

ARCOS: Limon says there's plenty of room to make flamenco a bigger musical language. And it's more important than ever to keep playing for as many audiences as possible. For NPR News, I'm Betto Arcos.

(SOUNDBITE OF PACO DE LUCIA'S "VAMONOS (LIVE IN SPAIN 2010)") Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.