The clock is ticking for those who hope Illinois will become the 13th state to legalize same-sex marriage.
The Illinois General Assembly is scheduled to adjourn its spring session Friday night, and the marriage equality bill still has not been called for a vote in the state House, where supporters are struggling to round up the 60 votes necessary to pass it.
Advocates of LGBT rights had hoped to make Illinois the first Midwestern state to legalize same-sex marriage legislatively (in Iowa, the state Supreme Court legalized same-sex marriage in 2009), but Minnesota beat the Land of Lincoln to that distinction earlier this month.
Illinois Gov. Pat Quinn, a Democrat, has vowed to sign a same-sex-marriage bill if it passes the Legislature. The Illinois Senate approved one on Valentine's Day by a wide margin, but the legislation has languished in the state House ever since.
The group Illinois Unites for Marriage — a coalition formed by the ACLU, Lambda Legal and the LGBT rights group Equality Illinois, among others — has used Twitter, Facebook and other social media, as well as old-fashioned phone banks every night this week, in a final push to get the gay-marriage bill passed.
"We are calling lists of voters in targeted House districts," says Mitchell Locin, media liaison for Equality Illinois. "Those House districts have a representative who we think might be convinced to vote for the marriage bill, or who we think might already actually be a supporter but needs that support buoyed by hearing from constituents."
In other words, they are trying to get gay-marriage supporters who live in key districts to light up the phones in the offices of lawmakers who might still be sitting on the fence. Those legislators include some suburban moderate Republicans, a few white and Latino Democrats in heavy Catholic districts and many of the 20 African-American members of the Illinois House.
A Focus On Black Voters
Opponents of the gay-marriage bill are mounting a similar effort to defeat it, focusing heavily on the African-American community.
At a recent news conference with other African-American clergy, Pastor Byron Brazier of the Apostolic Church of God in Chicago denounced the measure.
"We're not standing against something; we're standing for something," Brazier said. "We're standing for the Scriptures as they are written."
"We understand the Scriptures to teach that marriage is between man and woman," added Bishop Larry Trotter, senior pastor at Sweet Holy Spirit Church in Chicago. "This law being passed would cause a great ripple amongst the faith community and it would reduce what we stand for."
Trotter and Brazier are among the most politically influential African-American ministers in Chicago, along with the Rev. James Meeks, a former state senator and pastor of Salem Baptist Church, one of the city's biggest megachurches.
Meeks and the others have not only preached against gay marriage from the pulpit but have aired ads against the bill on black radio stations and have lent their voices to robocalls to African-American voters, saying: "Your representative needs to hear from you."
"The church and politics is a very constant mix in Chicago and in Illinois," says Laura Washington, a political analyst and Chicago Sun-Times columnist. "These ministers have megachurches, large congregations. They have a lot of clout in their communities and their members listen to them and take advice from them."
"The ministers often use their pulpits to sway votes in one direction or another," Washington adds.
But Washington also points out that the religious community is not unanimous in its opposition — it is actually quite divided on gay marriage. She says more and more African-American ministers in Chicago and elsewhere are supporting it, framing same-sex marriage as a civil rights issue.
"I think there's some hypocrisy involved when you're talking about ministers and elected officials who both benefited from the civil rights movement then [turned] their backs on others who have been left out of the system because of being different," Washington says.
A Visit From Obama
Supporters of gay marriage are using that sentiment to blitz residents in key African-American legislative districts with robocalls of their own, voiced by religious and civil rights leaders, including former NAACP Chairman Julian Bond.
The bill legalizing same-sex marriage, Bond says in the call, "will ensure fairness and equality for all Illinois couples and families."
Citing his experience fighting for what's fair and just, Bond adds: "Gay and lesbian couples have the same values as everyone else: love, commitment and stable families. They should have the same right to marry as the rest of us."
President Obama echoed that message at a private fundraising dinner in Chicago on Wednesday night, telling donors his home state's same-sex-marriage bill is "something I deeply support."
In remarks that were not recorded for broadcast, Obama added, "I am absolutely convinced it is the right thing to do. And we have to make sure that wherever we go, we are reminding people that the essence of America is that everybody is treated equally under the law without exception."
But in earlier remarks at a larger, more public fundraiser, where cameras and microphones were recording, the president didn't mention the same-sex-marriage bill at all and made only a passing reference to gay rights, saying that it "doesn't matter where you come from, what you look like, what faith you practice, who you love — that here in America, you can make it if you try."
Calling For A Vote
The sponsor of Illinois' gay-marriage bill, Chicago Democrat Greg Harris, is coy about exactly how many votes he has lined up in support of the measure, saying only that "we're close." Although he acknowledges some division on the issue within his own party, he insists the bill will pass.
"They see which way history is moving," says Harris of both his Democratic and Republican colleagues. "They've seen now 12 states before us make this decision. We have years of experience where none of the supposed ills have happened in any of these states which our opponents have predicted."
"Folks know this will be a vote that history will remember," Harris adds. "And I think a lot of folks are deciding they're going to want to be remembered on the right side of history."
Harris says he is determined to call the marriage equality bill for a vote before the Legislature adjourns Friday night, but opponents of same-sex marriage say if he really did have enough votes, it would already have passed.
MELISSA BLOCK, HOST:
The clock is ticking for people who want Illinois to become the 13th state to legalize same-sex marriage. The Illinois Senate passed a marriage equality bill back in February, but the legislation has languished in the House, and supporters have been struggling to round up the 60 votes necessary to pass it.
NPR's David Schaper reports on why gay marriage is stalled in one of the Midwest's bluest states.
DAVID SCHAPER, BYLINE: In a small office on Chicago's north side, about a dozen volunteers sit in front of notebook computers holding cell phones to their ears, auto-dialing particular voters.
MAGGIE: Hi, my name's Maggie and I'm a volunteer with Illinois Unites for Marriage, the coalition fighting for marriage equality in Illinois...
MITCHELL LOCIN: We are calling lists of voters in targeted House districts.
SCHAPER: Mitchell Locin is media liaison for the LGBT rights group, Equality Illinois. He says the group is organizing phone banks every night of this, the last week of Illinois' legislative session.
LOCIN: Those House districts have a representative who we think might be convinced to vote for the marriage bill or who we think might already actually be a supporter, but needs that support buoyed by hearing from their constituents.
SCHAPER: In other words, they're trying to get gay marriage supporters to light up the phones in the offices of lawmakers who might still be on the fence. They include some suburban moderate Republicans, a few white and Latino Democrats in heavily Catholic districts, and many of the 20 African-American members of the Illinois House.
Opponents of the gay marriage bill are mounting a similar effort to defeat it, focusing heavily on the African-American community. Pastor Byron Brazier of the Apostolic Church of God of Chicago stood alongside other African-American clergy at a recent news conference.
BYRON BRAZIER: We're not standing against something. We're standing for something. We're standing for the scriptures as they are written.
SCHAPER: The ministers are preaching against gay marriage from the pulpit, airing ads on black radio and using robocalls.
JAMES MEEKS: Hi. This is Reverend James Meeks. I'm calling you because...
SCHAPER: Reverend Meeks heads up one of Chicago's biggest mega churches, Salem Baptist. And as a former state senator, he has significant influence.
MEEKS: Your representative needs to hear from you.
LAURA WASHINGTON: The church and politics is a very constant mix in Chicago and in Illinois.
SCHAPER: Political analyst, Laura Washington.
WASHINGTON: These ministers have mega churches, large congregations. They have a lot of clout in their communities and their members listen to them and take advice from them.
SCHAPER: But Washington points out that the religious community is divided on gay marriage and more and more African-American ministers here are supporting it, framing same-sex marriage as a civil rights issue.
JULIAN BOND: This is Julian Bond.
SCHAPER: And gay marriage supporters are blitzing residents in key African-American legislative districts with robocalls of their own, voiced by religious and civil rights leaders, including former NAACP chairman Julian Bond.
BOND: Gay and lesbian couples have the same values as everyone else - love, commitment and stable families.
SCHAPER: President Obama echoed that message at a private fundraising dinner here in Chicago last night, telling donors he deeply supports his home state's same-sex marriage bill. In remarks that were not recorded for broadcast, he added that the essence of America is that everybody is treated equally under the law without exception.
Since the legislation to legalize gay marriage was first introduced in Illinois, lawmakers in Rhode Island, Delaware and Minnesota have passed Illinois by and approved their own gay marriage bills. Illinois supporters insist they now have enough votes to pass it and they will call the marriage equality bill for a vote before the legislature adjourns tomorrow.
But opponents say if they really have the votes, they would have already passed it. David Schaper, NPR News, Chicago. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.